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2020-01-11 18:37   来源:  www.papawere.com   评论:0 点击:



On the afternoon of 9 local time, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a Democrat-led battle-related bill to limit the Trump administration's military action against Iran.


The bill requires the President to end the use of the United States armed forces in hostilities against the Iranian Government or its forces, unless Congress has declared war or enacted a relevant legal mandate, or if such use of the armed forces is required under the 1973 War Powers Act to prevent imminent attacks on United States territory, property and armed forces.


\"In the past eight months, the United States has sent more than 15,000 more troops to the Middle East in response to growing tensions with Iran,\" the bill reads. The killing of Iranian General Sleimani and Iran's ballistic missile attacks on Iraqi military bases are likely to significantly escalate hostilities between the United States and Iran.


Democrats have criticized the Trump administration for lacking an effective strategy in the latest escalation of the U.S.-Iranian conflict and for not providing sufficient information to Congress. Rep. Eliza Slotkin, a Michigan Democrat who was a former CIA analyst, was the sponsor of the bill. \"What is the [Trump administration's] strategy? How do you know it worked, not make us more and more dangerous? We need specific strategic details.


Sen. Tim Kaine, a Democrat from Virginia, introduced a similar bill in the Senate. In the Republican-controlled Senate, the bill is expected to face greater resistance and pass bleak prospects. For now, Republican lawmakers have generally defended the Trump administration's crackdown on Suleimani.


However, there are also individual Republican senators who have criticized the Trump administration for not sharing enough information about Congress. Republican Sen. Mike Lee, from Utah, said the briefing provided by Trump administration officials to Congress on the attack on Iran \"could be the worst blow he's seen in nine years as a senator, at least on military issues.\" Mike Lee told the press that the administration officials who briefed Congress \"told us to be a good boy and not discuss it in public.\" Another Republican senator, Rand Paul, also said the lack of information sharing in the Trump administration would lead him to support Mr. Cain's proposed war power bill.


Last year, the U.S. Senate and Senate also passed a resolution on war powers calling for restrictions on U.S. military support for the Yemeni civil war. Trump eventually vetoed the resolution, and neither chamber had more than two-thirds of the vote to overturn it.


As well as opposing attitudes toward the Trump administration's Iranian policies, the parties are divided over the legal status of the new House bill. From a technical point of view, the bill is a common resolution of the two houses that does not need to be signed by the president. Republicans stress that such a resolution has no legal effect. However, some democrats say it will be binding if the bill is also approved by the senate under the war powers act passed in 1973. House Speaker Pelosi, the number one Democrat, also stressed that the bill would be \"toothy,\" though she did not elaborate on the legal basis of the statement.


The U.S. constitution states that the president is commander-in-chief of the armed forces and that the right to declare war is in the hands of Congress. Historically, the game between Congress and the White House over the right to war has been repeated. After World War II, the US President's right to war continued to rise, until the Vietnam War caused widespread opposition in American society, and Congress finally passed the War Power Act in 1973. However, in the wake of the September 11th incident, Congress passed successively an enabling act on counter-terrorism operations and the use of force against Iraq, again giving the administration a greater right to war.


In addition to the bill that has already been passed, the House may soon consider passing more legislation to limit the Trump administration's associated military action, including Rep. Barbara A.J. Lee proposed a bill to repeal the 2002 Law on Authorization to Use Force against Iraq.